mercoledì 16 maggio 2018

Shogunato Kamakura

Risultati immagini per Shogunato Kamakura


Lo shogunato Kamakura (鎌倉幕府 Kamakura bakufu), o "di Kamakura", è il nome dato alla dinastia di shōgun del clan Minamoto che governarono il Giappone dal 1192, anno in cui Minamoto no Yoritomo ricevette tale titolo dall'imperatore Go-Shirakawa, al 1333, anno in cui Kamakura fu espugnata dalle truppe di Nitta Yoshisada, il reggente Hōjō Moritoki e il reggente claustrale Hōjō Takatoki si tolsero la vita, e l'ultimo shōgun della dinastia, il principe Morikuni, abdicò ritirandosi a vita monastica, e morendo poco dopo.
La dinastia prese il nome dalla capitale da loro scelta, Kamakura.

Shōgun

  1. Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147-1199) (shōgun 1192-1199)
  2. Minamoto no Yoriie (1182-1204) (shōgun 1202-1203)
  3. Minamoto no Sanetomo (1192-1219) (shōgun 1203-1219)
  4. Kujo Yoritsune (1218-1256) (shōgun 1226-1244)
  5. Kujo Yoritsugu (1239-1256) (shōgun 1244-1252)
  6. Principe Munetaka (1242-1274) (shōgun 1252-1266)
  7. Principe Koreyasu (1264-1326) (shōgun 1266-1289)
  8. Principe Hisaaki (1276-1328) (shōgun 1289-1308)
  9. Principe Morikuni (1301-1333) (shōgun 1308-1333)

Shikken

  1. Hōjō Takatoki 1303-1333 (shikken 1316-1326)
Durante lo shogunato, il ruolo di primo ministro (o meglio di capo del governo, il Mandokoro) era detto shikken (執権); il ruolo fu affidato alla famiglia Hōjō, imparentata con gli imperatori. Alla morte di Yoritomo, Hōjō Tokimasa detenne il potere per alcuni anni prima che Yoriie fosse investito shōgun, e alla morte di questi fu in grado di far eleggere Sanetomo, figlio di Yoritomo e di Hōjō Masako, come suo successore, rinforzando l'influenza del clan e assicurandosi l'ereditarietà della posizione di shikken, che spesso divenne più potente di quella degli shōgun.

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